Calendar

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The Bahá’í calendar, technically called the Badi calendar, is a solar calendar of 365 days, or 366 days in leap years. It consists of 19 months having 19 days each. The remaining four days (or five in leap years) make up an intercalary period called Ayyám-i-Há which is placed between the 18th and 19th months. A seven-day week is used. The months are named after attributes of God, as are the days of the week. Although not much referenced at the present time, cycles of 19 years and 361 years are also identified within the Badi calendar.

As in the Jewish and Islamic calendars, the Bahá’í day begins at sunset. The year begins on the vernal equinox (currently this is fixed as March 21). Eleven holy days are commemorated in the course of the year, nine of which are designated as days on which work should be suspended. With the exception of Naw-Rúz, the first day of the year, all of these holy days are connected with the lives of the Báb, Bahá’u’lláh, and ‘Abdu’l-Bahá.

History[edit]

The Badi calendar was created during the ministry of the Báb and later confirmed by Bahá’u’lláh, who specified a few details that the Báb had left open. In particular, the timing of the intercalary days (Ayyám-i-Há) had not been specified. Bahá’u’lláh placed this celebration between the 18th and 19th months.

Structure[edit]

The Badi calendar consists of 19 months of 19 days, plus four intercalary days (five in leap years). Because it is a solar calendar like the Gregorian calendar and observes the same leap years, a given day in the Badi calendar falls on the same day of the Gregorian calendar every year. The months of the Badi calendar are as follows:

Calendar[edit]

Arabic Name Arabic Script English Translation Gregorian Dates Month Number
Bahá’ بهاء Splendour 21 March - 8 April 1
Jalál جلال Glory 9 April - 27 April 2
Jamál جمال Beauty 28 April - 16 May 3
‘Aẓamat عظمة Grandeur 17 May - 4 June 4
Núr نور Light 5 June - 23 June 5
Raḥmat رحمة Mercy 24 June - 12 July 6
Kalimát كلمات Words 13 July - 31 July 7
Kamál كمال Perfection 1 August - 19 August 8
Asmá’ اسماء Names 20 August - 7 September 9
‘Izzat عزة Might 8 September - 26 September 10
Mashíyyat مشية Will 27 September - 15 October 11
‘Ilm علم Knowledge 16 October - 3 November 12
Qudrat قدرة Power 4 November - 22 November 13
Qawl قول Speech 23 November - 11 December 14
Masá’il مسائل Questions 12 December - 30 December 15
Sharaf شرف Honour 31 December - 18 January 16
Sulṭán سلطان Sovereignty 19 January - 6 February 17
Mulk ملك Dominion 7 February - 25 February 18
Ayyám-i-Há’ ايام الهاء Intercalary Days 26 February - 1 March
‘Alá’ علاء Loftiness 2 March - 20 March (Month of fasting) 19

Holy days[edit]

Certain days in the Baha'i calendar are set aside to be observed as holy days; work may or may not be suspended as well. For the most part, these Holy days are celebrations and commemorations of important events in the lives of the central figures of the Baha'i Faith, such as the festival of Riḍván, which commemorates Bahá’u’lláh's Declaration of His Mission to certain of His most trusted disciples. Certain other days, such as Naw-Rúz, have a general spiritual character but do not commemorate a specific event in history. The table below list the holy days as well as other significant observances that occur every year.

Name Gregorian dates Work suspended
Naw-Rúz (Bahá’í New Year) March 21 yes
First day of Riḍván April 21 yes
Ninth day of Riḍván April 29 yes
Twelfth day of Riḍván May 2 yes
Declaration of the Báb May 23 yes
Ascension of Bahá’u’lláh May 29 yes
Martyrdom of the Báb July 9 yes
Birth of the Báb October 20 yes
Birth of Bahá’u’lláh November 12 yes
Day of the Covenant November 26 no
Ascension of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá November 28 no
Ayyám-i-Há February 26–March 1 (4 or 5 days) no
Month of fasting March 2–20 no

The last two are not holy days but periods of special observance.

External Links[edit]

Badi Calendar 156 B.E

References[edit]